What is Web Hosting

Client – Server Relationships

client-serverIn this section we will attempt to explain web hosting.
When it comes to the internet, the computer or device that you use to access email and internet services is known as a client computer. It is capable of connecting to the internet through an Internet Service Provider (ISP) who would commonly charge you or someone else, like a coffee shop, for accessing the internet. Typically you require a program in order to access the internet. That program is a browser. A browser takes information from a variety of sources and makes it readable on your computer. The most commonly used browsers are Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Chrome on a computer. All are available free of charge. Which browser you use is a matter of personal choice. They all basically work in the same way although some are better at some things than others.

How Does Web Hosting Work?

Your browser retrieves information by connecting to the internet through your ISP. This gives you basic access to online services. The information they retrieve is held on another computer called a server. The end user – you – use a client computer and software to retrieve and display information from a server on your device.
There are hundreds of thousands of servers all storing information all connected together through some means like telephone lines, cable lines, fibre optic lines, or wireless transmission. This is what is known as the internet. Throughout the internet there are junction points called hubs. These hubs contain all the information on where to send your request for specific websites. Every website has a unique identity and address. This address is established when you register a domain name. For instance, our address is nicfair.com. All the routers on the internet know how to find this site because it is associated with a specific set of numbers called an IP (Internet Protocol) address. This IP address is reached based on a set of nameservers used to identify a specific server which contains all the information your are viewing on this site.
Nicfair.com’s information exists on a server along with a number of other sites. This server is known as the host server. It holds our complete web site, so that when you request information from our website, it is delivered from this server. We receive and send email through this server as well although that may vary under specialized circumstances for some websites.

Definition of Web Hosting

Web hosting is simply the name of the process used to store and deliver a website. Web servers can store data and information for hundreds of different websites depending on their size (How much storage they use compared to how much storage is available on the server), the processing power, and the amount of bandwidth available.

Advantages of Web Hosting

IT ProgrammerOwning your own domain name and creating your own website gives you complete control over what is displayed on the internet about you or your organization. You get to choose the message that is delivered. You also get to choose whether any advertising shows up on your pages and if so, then what those ads are for. It becomes an anchor point for your online activities. Typically you would use marketing to drive traffic to YOUR website. You should not be driving traffic to someone else’s website, like social media sites.
Under most circumstances, it is not cost effective to buy, set up and maintain your own server. It requires a high level of technical knowledge and a commitment to monitor the system 24 hours a day. That’s where a web hosting service comes in. A web hosting service leases or owns the servers, the infrastructure, the local routers, firewalls, redundant power supplies, and the data pipelines connecting those servers. They also supply the IT staff, network security, and support systems. When you subscribe to a web hosting plan to put your site on a server, you are leasing a portion of that infrastructure, software and support.
View our cost effective hosting plans here.